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MoinMoin Theming

You have probably noticed that some of the MoinMoin wikis out there look differently than others: for example, the python wiki has a unique look, matching the rest of the python website. This is done by using a custom-made theme. We will see how to make such a theme yourself.

What's in a theme?

In MoinMoin themes consist of two main parts:

The plugin part is just a Python file, stored together with all other MoinMoin plugins in one of two places:

The style part of your theme is not executed by the wiki directly, but instead is downloaded by your browser – so you could, in theory, put it anywhere in the Internet. It is however convenient to put everything in one place – in the wiki's htdocs directory, for example in /var/www/htdocs/MyTheme/. These files must be served by your web server, so make sure that they have appropriate permissions and are available at the address specified in your wiki's wikiconfig.py with the url_prefix_static variable. The style part may contain even hundreds of files, so they are organized into directories for convenience:

First steps

The simplest thing we can do is to take an existing theme and change its styles a little – for example, change the colors. Our plugin part will be just inheriting everything form an existing theme – for example, from Modern. It should look something like this:

# this goes into data/plugin/theme/mytheme.py
from MoinMoin.theme import modern

class Theme(modern.Theme):
    name = "mytheme"

def execute(request):
    return Theme(request)

Note that you could inherit from any built-in theme by just changing the import and class lines. We will see later how to inherit from ThemeBase to create themes from scratch. For now we will concentrate on changing the looks, not the behavior, and most of this can be done by just manipulating the style sheets.

This is the minimal amount of code we need. It takes the Modern theme and inherits everything from it, changing only the theme's name. The execute function is needed as a glue, every theme has it. Once you have put this theme in your theme directory, it should become selectable from the UserPreferences. It lacks any stylesheets, so it will probably look pretty plain – like any other unstyled web page.

Remember that if you are using anything else than simple CGI, for example you run a standalone MoinMoin locally, or use mod_wsgi or mod_fastcgi, you might need to restart MoinMoin to see the new theme (and to see any other change you make in the Python files).

Now we can copy all the files from htdocs/modern to a new directory, htdocs/mytheme. After you do it, and fix the file permissions, your new theme should look identically to the Modern theme. Now we can start customizing.

Changing some colors

Colors in cascading style sheets are usually specified using a hexadecimal notation of their red, green and blue components. Almost any graphical program will let you see the components of a color. Some, like GIMP, even display a ready to copy and paste representation of it – but you can also edit the colors by hand. For example, #ffffff is white – it means 255 red, 255 green and 255 blue – that is the maximum for all components. You can also write it in shorter from, #fff; When there are only 3 digits, each of them is just repeated twice. You can get black with #000 and red with #f00. After a little training you will be able to tell the hex values of a color by just looking at it. Or maybe not.

Let us try and change the color of the heading background. It is defined in the css/screen.css file – there should be something like this in it:

#header {
    margin: 1px;
    padding: 1px;
    background: #E7E7E7;
    line-height: 1.1em;
}

We can edit the line that says 'background' and put a different color in there. For example, we can put in there background: #3d4551; to bring back the bluish color that older versions of MoinMoin used.

#header {
    margin: 1px;
    padding: 1px;
    background: #3d4551;
    line-height: 1.1em;
}

Note that the exact code shown in these examples may be different from the one in your version of MoinMoin – even the built-in themes are changing to take advantage of new browser features and fix bugs.

Whenever you see something like #XXXXXX or #XXX in the stylesheets, it's some color you can change. Often you will want to do a search and replace for one particular color, to change it to something else everywhere it appears.

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